2011-11-22 | Back
Food Safety, Especially for SMEs
1. The responsibility for supplying safe food lies in all involved in the production, post-harvest treatment, processing, trade/distribution, & consumer or the total food chain. 2. A holistic food chain (farm/sea to fork) approach to food safety. 3. Food Safety Issues and Challenges in developing countries: a. food production systems are diverse with many small scale, unorganized producers and informal markets b. food sector is rapidly evolving with little or no technical support for introduction of new, more intensive production technologies by SMEs c. food processing sector is often underfinanced & fragmented with consumer demand for safe food as low due to little purchasing power d. food processing sector lacks technical capability on GAP, GMP, HACCP, Food Defense e. increased environmental risks due to rapid rates of population growth, urbanization, changing food production systems, & consumption habits f. consumers are preoccupied by access to food & are ill informed and unaware of food safety matters g. regulatory frameworks are incomplete, outdated national legislation and regulation h. regulatory system suffers from inadequate technical, institutional and managerial food control capacity i. climate change impacts on food-borne disease agents (bacteria, viruses, parasitic protozoa), animal diseases, toxinogenic fungi & mycotoxin contamination, insects & other pests, harmful algal blooms in marine and coastal areas, pesticide usage and residues in crops & environment j. persistent organic pollutants – compounds that accumulate in environment and human body like dioxins & PCBs, by-products of industrial processes & waste incineration, pollution of air, water, soil, metals like lead & mercury, cadmium 4. Food contamination cause enormous social and economic burden on communities and their health system: a. USA – caused by major pathogens $35 Billion annually in 1997 in medical costs and lost productivity b. Peru – reemergence of cholera in 1991 – loss of $ 500 million in fish & fishery product exports c. In 2005, 1.8 million people died from diarrhea diseases. Great proportion attributed to food and drinking water contamination. d. Diarrhea is a major cause of malnutrition in infants and young children. e. 30% of population in industrialized countries suffer from food-borne diseases. In the USA, 76 million affected, with 325,000 hospitalization and 5000 deaths annually. f. Developing countries may have less cases documented. g. In the Philippines, for the past 20 years, diarrhea diseases are number 1 cause of morbidity (ill health) and mortality (death) per 100,000 population. In 1993 to 2002, most common outbreaks: cholera, typhoid fever, hepatitis A. 5. The DOH Food and Waterborne Disease Prevention and Control Program (FWBDPCP) was established in 1997 focusing on cholera, typhoid fever, hepatitis A and others emerging like Paragonimiasis & parasitic worm infection. 6. Philippine food scares in the last few years were not of Philippine origin like the mad cow disease, bird-flu/avian influenza virus, dioxin contamination, Melamine in milk, high radiation levels. 7. To strengthen the Food Safety System is House Bill 4711 B, or the proposed Philippine Food Safety Act of 2011 with four major thrusts: strengthen food safety regulation system, protect consumer health, facilitate market access of local foods and products, and other purposes. The activities include: creation of a Food Safety Regulation Coordination Board, delineation of mandates and accountabilities of DA, DOH, DILG; recognition of National Codex Organization, strengthening of data collection and manpower assessment, empowerment on technical development and training to improve implementation by government and compliance by farmers, fisher-folks, consumers and industry. Please support this House Bill 4711B by communicating with your congresspersons and Senators. 8. Please see the complete presentation, minutes of the meeting, & poster at www.map- abcdf.com.ph Thank you.